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Skip to: Content. Log In. My Account. Remember to clear the cache and close the browser window. Search For:. Advanced Search. Hansen, Lars Ivar, Publication Information:. Physical Description:. The northern world : North Europe and the Baltic c. Local Note:. Electronic reproduction.

Reflections on ethic for ethnically non-indigenous researchers

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Subject Term:. Sami European people -- History. That has not been done in the study by K. Tambets et al. A deconstruction of the Sami groups in genetic studies can reveal more closely when that specific group faced immigrants in their areas of habitation. However subsequent studies found that haplogroup V is also significantly present in eastern Europeans.

Furthermore, haplogroup V lineages with HVS-I transitions and that are frequent in the Sami population are much more widespread in eastern than in western Europe. Such a scenario is indirectly supported by the absence, among the Sami, of the pre-V mtDNAs that are characteristic of southwestern Europeans and northwestern Africans. Haplogroup Z is found at low frequency in the Sami and Northern Asian populations but is virtually absent in Europe. Several conserved substitutions group the Sami Z lineages with those from Finland and the Volga-Ural region of Russia.

The estimated dating of the lineage at years suggests a small, relatively recent contribution of people from the Volga-Ural region to the Sami population. Three Y chromosome haplogroups dominate the distribution among the Sami: N1c formerly N3a , I1 and R1a at least in the study carried out by K. The most common haplogroup among the Sami is N1c, with I1 as a close second according to that study. Tambets and colleagues suggested that N1c and R1a probably reached Fennoscandia from eastern Europe, where these haplogroups can be found in high frequencies.

However the two haplogroups have a distinctly different linguistic distribution. R1a1a is common among Eastern Europeans speaking Indo-European languages, while N1c correlates closely with the distribution of the Finno Ugrian languages. For example, N1c is common among the Finns, while haplogroup R1a is common among all the neighbours of the Sami. Haplogroup I-M in Sami is explained by immigration of men during the 14th century.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Beckman; K.

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Terminology The Scots language word selkie is diminutive for selch which strictly speaking means "grey seal" Halichoerus grypus. Alternate spellings for the diminutive include: selky, seilkie, sejlki, silkie, silkey, saelkie, sylkie, etc. The cultural and linguistic heritage of the Syrian people is a blend of both indigenous elements and the foreign cultures that have come to rule the land and its people over the course of thousands of years.

The Syrian Arab Republic has a population of The dominant racial group are the Syrian descendants of the old indigenous peoples who mixed with Arabs and identify themselves as such in addition to ethnic Arameans. The Elkhound has served as a hunter, guardian, herder, and defender. It is known for its courage in tracking and hunting moose or elk and other large game, such as bears or wolves[1][2]. The Norwegian Elkhound was first presented at a dog exhibition in Norway in The dog will only bark while the moose is stationary, but it can also slowly drive the moose towards shooters lying in wait.

The Norwegian Elkhound is also used on a leash. In this mode of hunting, the dog leads the hunter in the direc. Gonorrhea, colloquially known as the clap, is a sexually transmitted infection STI caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Traditionally, eight Finnic languages have been recognized. In addition, since the s, several Finnic-speaking minority groups have emerged to seek of recognition as distinct languages, and have established separate literary standard languages. Sanjad-Sakati syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic condition seen in offspring of Middle Eastern origin.

It was first described in Saudi Arabia,[1] but has been seen in Qatari, Kuwaiti, Omani and other children from the Middle East as well as elsewhere. The condition is characterised by a triad of growth retardation and intellectual disability, hypoparathyroidism and dysmorphism. Presentation Children with the Sanjad Sakati syndrome have a triad of: a hypoparathyroidism with episodes of hypocalcemia, hypocalcemic tetany and hypocalcemic seizures. Typically, children with this syndrome are born low-birth-weight due to intrauterine growth retardation.

At birth, there is dysmorphism, which is later typified into the features described below. The child is stunted, often with demonstrable growth hormone deficiency and has moderate to severe intellectual disa. Borealism is a form of exoticism in which stereotypes are imposed on the Earth's northern regions and cultures particularly Nordic and Arctic regions.

The term was inspired by the similar concept of Orientalism, first coined by Edward Said. Borealism can include the paradoxical ideas that the North is uniquely savage, inhospitable, or barbaric, and that it is uniquely sublime, pure, or enlightened. The taxonomic classification of humans following John Edward Gray Overview of speciation and hybridization within the genus Homo over the last two million years vertical axis. The rapid "Out of Africa" expansion of H. Human taxonomy is the classification of the human species systematic name Homo sapiens, Latin: "wise man" within zoological taxonomy.

The systematic genus, Homo, is designed to include both anatomically modern humans and extinct varieties of archaic humans. Current humans have been designated as subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens, differentiated from the direct ancestor, Homo sapiens idaltu. Since the introduction of systematic names in the 18th century, knowledge of human evolution has increased drastically, and a number of intermediate taxa have been proposed in the 20th to early 21st century. The most widely accepted taxonomy groups ta. Several species of humans have intermittently occupied Britain for almost a million years.

The Roman conquest of Britain in 43 AD is conventionally regarded as the end of Prehistoric Britain and the start of recorded history in the island, although some historical information is available from before then. The earliest evidence of human occupation around , years ago is at Happisburgh on the Norfolk coast, with stone tools and footprints probably made by Homo antecessor. The oldest human fossils, around , years old, are of Homo heidelbergensis at Boxgrove in Sussex.

Until this time Britain was permanently connected to the Continent by a chalk ridge between south-east England and northern France called the Weald-Artois Anticline, but during the Anglian Glaciation around , years ago a megaflood broke through the ridge, creating the English Channel, and after that Britain became an island when sea levels rose during interglacials. Fossils of very early Neanderthals dating to around , year.

In vitro fertilisation IVF is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro "in glass". The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman's ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova egg or eggs from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a liquid in a laboratory.


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After the fertilised egg zygote undergoes embryo culture for 2—6 days, it is implanted in the same or another woman's uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. IVF is a type of assisted reproductive technology used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy. A fertilised egg may be implanted into a surrogate's uterus, and the resulting child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate. Some countries have banned or otherwise regulate the availability of IVF treatment, giving rise to fertility tourism.

Restrictions on the availability of IVF include costs and age, in order for a woman to carry a healthy pregnancy to term. IVF is generally not u. Its structure, properties and biological role have been reviewed many times. A homolo. Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans.

It is in contrast to social anthropology, which perceives cultural variation as a subset of the anthropological constant.

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Cultural anthropology has a rich methodology, including participant observation often called fieldwork because it requires the anthropologist spending an extended period of time at the research location , interviews, and surveys. Gordon Childe, with culture forming an umbrella term and civilization becomin.

Theories of origin According to the Migration Theory that was based primarily on comparative linguistics, the proto-Finns migrated from an ancient homeland somewhere in north-western Siberia or western Russia to the shores of the Baltic Sea around BC, at whic. Azathioprine AZA , sold under the brand name Imuran among others, is an immunosuppressive medication.

Proto-Uralic is the reconstructed language ancestral to the Uralic language family. The language was originally spoken in a small area in about — BCE estimates vary , and expanded to give differentiated protolanguages. The exact location of the area or Urheimat is not known, and various strongly differing proposals have been advocated, but likewise the vicinity of the Ural Mountains is generally assumed.

However, reconstructed Proto-Finno-Ugric differs little from Proto-Uralic, and many apparent differences follow from the methods used. Another reconstruction of the split of Proto-Uralic has three branches Finno-Permic, Ugric and Samoyedic from the start. The indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.

According to the German monograph Minderheitenrechte in Europa co-edited by Pan and Pfeil there are 87 distinct peoples of Europe, of which 33 form the majority population in at least one sovereign state, while the remaining 54 constitute ethnic minorities.

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Bjørnar Julius Olsen - CAS

In the context of European ethnography in particular, the terms ethnic group, people, nationality and ethno-linguistic group, are used as mostly synonymous, although preference may vary in usage with respect to the situation specific to the individual countries of Europe. Formica fusca is a black-colored ant commonly found throughout Europe as well as parts of Southern Asia and Africa. Populations from North America have been split off as a separate species, Formica subaenescens.

Colonies are facultatively polygynous though weakly so ; though the queens coexist amicably, contribution to the brood tends to be unequal. Nests are usually small, containing —2, workers.

The workers are large, at 8—10 millimetres 0. To ensure that non-nest mate eggs are not reared, these workers will engage in a process known as worker policing. Alate winged. The cat Felis catus is a small carnivorous mammal. About 60 cat breeds are recognized by various cat registries. They are predators who are most active at dawn and dusk crepuscular. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. Compared to humans, they see better in the dark they see in near total darkness and have a better sense of smell, but poorer color vision.

Cats, despite being solitary h. Genetic studies on Sami. Beckman; K. Sjoberg; S. Eriksson; L. Beckman Human Heredity. The American Journal of Human Genetics. Karlsson, Andreas O. European Journal of Human Genetics. Ingman, Max; Gyllensten, Ulf 20 September American Journal of Human Genetics. Max Ingman; Ulf Gyllensten Achilli, Saami and Berbers Torroni; et al. Uralic Migrations: The Linguistic Evidence. Genetic studies on Sami topic Since the early years of genetic research, the Sami people have caught the interests of scientists. Genetic studies on Moroccans topic Moroccan genetics encompasses the genetic history of the people of Morocco, and the genetic influence of this ancestry on world populations.

Scandinavia and Scandinavian entered usage in the late 18th century, being introduced by the early linguistic and cu Folders related to Scandinavia: Scandinavia series Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Geography of Northern Europe Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Regions of Europe Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula topic The ancestry of modern Iberians comprising the Spanish and Portuguese is consistent with the geographical situation of the Iberian Peninsula in the south-west corner of Europe. Pre-Finno-Ugric substrate topic Pre-Finno-Ugric substrate refers to substratum loanwords from unidentified non-Indo-European and non-Uralic languages that are found in various Finno-Ugric languages, most notably Sami.

Origin of the Romanians topic Several theories address the issue of the origin of the Romanians. Other theories state that the Romanized local populations were present over a wide area on both si Folders related to Origin of the Romanians: History of the Romanians Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Saltovo-Mayaki culture Revolvy Brain revolvybrain All articles to be split Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.